Nasal septum is the wall between two sides of the nasal cavity. The septum is made up of cartilage and bone. Ideally, the septum should be in the midline. However, 80% of people do not have a perfectly straight septum and most of them do not require correction. When the septum is not in the midline, […]

Middle ear fluid which do not resolve despite medications requires surgical treatment, ventilation tube insertion into the eardrum. What happens during ventilation tube insertion? The procedure will be performed under general anesthesia. This means that the surgery will be performed in an operating room and your child will be monitored by an anesthesiologist during surgery. Your […]

Surgery for Snoring: Anterior palatoplasty Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Physical examination findings, structures of the throat and previous surgeries are considered when deciding which surgical technique is suitable for an individual patient. Surgical techniques shown below are alternatives, cannot be performed simultaneously. Expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty :   Lateral Pharyngoplasty (Cahali technique) :   Z-palatoplasty […]

Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), is a surgical technique highly popularized in the world after 1990s. In ESS, an endoscope is inserted into the nose, providing the doctor with an inside view of the sinuses. Surgical instruments are inserted alongside the endoscope. This allows the doctor to remove small amounts of bone or other material blocking the […]

The eardrum separates the middle ear from the ear canal. It is a thin structure that vibrates with sound waves. Behind the eardrum is the middle ear, which is an air filled cavity. Perforation of te eardrum is commonly due to infections or injuries. Injury may be caused by: Trauma to the ear that increases pressure in the ear […]