Disorders of Ear

The eardrum separates the middle ear from the ear canal. It is a thin structure that vibrates with sound waves. Behind the eardrum is the middle ear, which is an air filled cavity. Perforation of te eardrum is commonly due to infections or injuries. Injury may be caused by: Trauma to the ear that increases pressure in the ear […]

Otitis media is infection of the middle ear, behind the eardrum. Germs that cause the infection reach the middle ear through the eustachian tube. In children, eustachian tube is shorter than in adults and it is easier for the germs to reach the middle ear. Therefore, otitis media is more common in children. Infection in the middle ear causes accumulation […]

Vertigo is an illusion of movement when there is no actual movement. It may occur due to several disorders of the balance system. Vertigo may vary in type and intensity; common presentations are dizziness, light headedness, sensations of spinning, falling, or rocking, Vertigo may be accompanied with nausea, vomiting, sweating, paleness, headache, blurred vision, hearing loss, tinnitus, […]

Fluid collection in the middle ear is either due to inadequate functioning of the eustachian tube which transmits air into the middle ear, or untreated otitis media. In children, it is often accompanied with enlarged and infected adenoids . Parental smoking at home and air pollution are also causative factors. Fluid in the middle ear not […]